The piano is considered the King of Musical Instruments. It is built from more than 8000 parts and units, using more than 500 working procedures or steps during its construction. A variety of sciences contribute to its production, such as physical metallurgy, wood study, acoustics, dynamics, chemistry, electronics, and automation; Combing all these different aspects of piano construction, we can see piano production is the kind of systems engineering that draws from many different technologies.

The piano has five main components; resonator, action, keyboard, pedals and outer frame or cabinet. The design and function of these five components are equally important in the production of a fine piano.

The Heart of Piano is formed by the keyboard and action. This is the mechanical moving portion of the piano which consists of thousands of small parts and units. Overall, the structure is both very complicated and dazzling to behold.

The resonator is the sound source and the basic frame configuration of piano. The soundboard is the most important part because it affects the timbre, tone and volume. This is the core part which actually determines whether the acoustics or sound of a piano is good or not.

The outer frame or cabinet constitutes the appearance of piano. The sculpting and finish are key to highlighting the aesthetic feel of a piano.